Motivational Music has accompanied exercising since the early 70’s. Today, most health and fitness instructors regard the addition of music for exercise similarly to an ergogenic aid having positive effects on the following.
Respiration, heart rate, physical strength, endurance, performance, aerobic fitness and fundamental motor skills.
Motivational Music Effects Heart Rate
Music produces an emotional effect, thus increasing the heart rate. The average heart rate is between 72-80 beats per minute while music tempos may range from 70 to 170 beats per minute.
A review of studies indicates that heart rate tends to only moderately follow the music; increasing in response to fast music and decreasing in response to slow music and that any type of music (sedative or stimulative) will show a moderate increase in heart rate.
Types of Motivational Music
Analysis indicated that listening to sedative music decreased strength significantly when compared to stimulative music and silence.
However, no statistical significant difference was seen between stimulative music and silence.
Muscle tension-strength can be altered by choice of music. It appears that sedative music may actually decrease a person’s muscular fitness and potential training ability.
Stimulating music increasing muscle tension. It is best to listen to sedative music for cooling down or for quite reflection.
Motivational Music Effects Rehabilitation
Neuromuscular and skeletal disorders seriously affect the quality of a person’s life by impeding mobility.
Research has steadfastly demonstrated that external auditory cues, such as rhythmic music and percussion pulses favorably affects coordinated walking and proprioception control.
It has been suggested that motivational music or auditory stimuli improves gait regularity due in part to the use of the beat, which helps individuals anticipate the desired rate of movement.
Health and fitness professionals working with the physically challenged patients with neuromuscular or orthopedic disorders, advocate and use music and auditory stimuli to enhance a person’s gait and gross motors skills. The result leads to increased stability and mobility.
Motivational Music Effects Performance
Motivational music in many ways may improve a person’s enjoyment and compliance to a fitness program, therefore ensuring long-term benefits, such as enhanced quality of life and reduction of risk to coronary heart disease and other causes of death.
The Effects of Rhythmic Accompaniment
Basic motor skills such as throwing, catching, climbing, balancing, dodging, bouncing, and striking learned to music is more effective than without music. Rhythmic beat of music produces timing, muscle memory and an enjoyable atmosphere when learning new motor skills.
Motivational music styles influence aerobic performance. The most popular rhythm styles are beat (94%), tempo (96%), lyrics (77%), volume (66%), mood (37%), and melody (17%).
A strong correlation between male and female responses indicated that gender is not a particularly important factor to consider when selecting motivational music for an aerobic activity.
Mental attitude is enhanced when exercising with motivational music, also, the type of music selection (for kids, seniors, boomers, college students, etc.) should be a consideration when selecting music for the aerobic activity. Motivational music focuses on the external stimuli rather than the discomforts that often accompany strenuous exercise. Thus, music also has the capability to evoke pleasant associations.
Summary and Conclusions
The research on the relationship between motivational music and exercise verifies, with that being said many professional trainers already know from practical experience that people react well to music.
It should also be noted that the exact neurological effects of music on pain or discomfort are not fully understood. However, it has been clearly demonstrated that music can reduce factors contributing to pain and discomfort such as stress, tension, and anxiety.